• Publications of Lee D. Baker

      • Books

          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Anthropology and the Racial Politics of Culture.
          • Duke University Press.
          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • From Savage to Negro: Anthropology and the Construction of Race, 1896-1954.
          • University of California Press.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          Lee D. Baker explores what racial categories mean to the American public and how these meanings are reinforced by anthropology, popular culture, and the law. Focusing on the period between two landmark Supreme Court decisions– Plessy v. Ferguson (the so-called "separate but equal" doctrine established in 1896) and Brown v. Board of Education (the public school desegregation decision of 1954)–Baker shows how racial categories change over time. Baker paints a vivid picture of the relationships between specific African American and white scholars, who orchestrated a paradigm shift within the social sciences from ideas based on Social Darwinism to those based on cultural relativism. He demonstrates that the greatest impact on the way the law codifies racial differences has been made by organizations such as the NAACP, which skillfully appropriated the new social science to exploit the politics of the Cold War.

          • L.D. Baker, Editor.
          • (2004).
          • Life in America: Identity and Everyday Experience.
          • Blackwell Publishing.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          Life in America: Identity and Everyday Experience is a fascinating collection of readings that explores how people negotiate identity in the United States today. Brings together readings that provide a thoroughly engaging and fascinating look at central issues of identity and what it means to be American. Explores the tension between identity and identification to help readers begin to understand how people creatively confront the perks and perils of identity in the United States. Offers a look at a wide range of subjects including: violence and video games, queer pilgrimages to San Francisco, Filipina critiques of "sleeping around," and the significance of "lowriders" in Hispano/Chicano culture.

      • Published Articles

          • LD Baker.
          • (2015).
          • Risk Avoidance and Transfer: Thoughts on New Directions for Africana Studies.
          • International Journal of Africana Studies
          • ,
          • 14
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 66-70.
          • LD Baker.
          • (2015).
          • Franz Boas and his “Conspiracy” to Destroy the White Race.
          • American Philosophical Society Proceedings
          • ,
          • 154
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 8-18.
          Publication Description

          Papers from the Symposium: Cultural Subjects and Objects: The Legacy of Franz Boas and Its Futures in Anthropology, Academe, and Human Rights.

          • LD Baker.
          • (2015).
          • Review of The social sciences and theories of race.
          • JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL ANTHROPOLOGICAL INSTITUTE
          • ,
          • 14
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 234-235.
          • [web]
          • L Baker.
          • (2014).
          • "Anthropology, History of.".
          • In JH Moore (Eds.),
          • Encyclopedia of Race and Racism
          • ,
          • 1
          • ,
          • (pp. 93-97).
          • Macmillan Reference USA,.
          • [web]
          • L Baker.
          • (2008).
          • Boas, Franz.
          • In J William A Darity (Eds.),
          • International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences
          • ,
          • 1
          • ,
          • (pp. 344-346).
          • Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (1991).
          • Cultural Creolization and the Constitution of Ethnicity Amongst Aboriginal Professionals in Dampierland, Western Australia, In Foragers in Context: Long Term, Regional and Historical Perspectives in Hunter-Gatherer Studies.
          • Michigan Discussions in Anthropology
          • ,
          • 10
          • ,
          • 17-29.
          • LD Baker.
          • (1994).
          • Savage Inequality: Anthropology in the Erosion of the Fifteenth Amendment.
          • Transforming Anthropology
          • ,
          • 5
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 28-33.
          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Review of Melville J. Herskovits and the Racial Politics of Knowledge by Jerry Gershenhorn..
          • American Anthropologist
          • ,
          • 107
          • ,
          • 524-525.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2013).
          • Notes on “Post-Racial” Society.
          • North American Dialogue
          • ,
          • 13
          • (2)
          • ,
          • 1-5.
          • Newsletter of the Society for the Anthropology of North America.
          • (plenary session, SANA/ABA Conference, 2010)
          • LD Baker.
          • (2013).
          • Mission Improbable and the Possible Mission.
          • Anthropology News
          • ,
          • 49
          • (2)
          • ,
          • 7-8.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2013).
          • Black Women in the Ivory Tower, Womanism, and Segregated Scholars.
          • Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture, and Soceity
          • ,
          • 10
          • (2)
          • ,
          • 179-187.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (April, 2006).
          • Thinking Through Genre.
          • Transforming Anthropology
          • ,
          • 14
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 1.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (October, 2006).
          • Mad or Meditative in Maricopa.
          • Transforming Anthropology
          • ,
          • 14
          • (2)
          • ,
          • 129-131.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2013).
          • Naming Moments Properly..
          • Transforming Anthropology
          • ,
          • 13
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 1-2.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2013).
          • Taking the Plunge and Seizing the Time- -Again.
          • Transforming Anthropology
          • ,
          • 13
          • (2)
          • ,
          • 75-78.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (November, 2004).
          • Rethinking Black Studies: You Can't Do That With Out Organization.
          • Souls A Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture, and Society
          • ,
          • 6
          • ((3/4))
          • ,
          • 36-40.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2013).
          • Message from the President.
          • North American Dialogue
          • ,
          • 7
          • (2)
          • ,
          • 4.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2013).
          • Profit, Power, and Privilege: The Racial Politics of Ancestry.
          • Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture and Society
          • ,
          • 3
          • (4)
          • ,
          • 66-72.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          2001 Profit, Power, and Privilege: The Racial Politics of Ancestry. Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture, & Soceity 3(4):66-72.

          • LD Baker.
          • (2004).
          • Franz Boas out of the Ivory Tower.
          • Anthropological Theory
          • ,
          • 4
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 29-51.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker and TC Patterson.
          • (2013).
          • Race, Racism, and the History of U.S. Anthropology.
          • Transforming Anthropology
          • ,
          • 5
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 1-7.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          Baker, Lee D. and Thomas C. Patterson 1994 Race, Racism, and the History of U.S. Anthropology. Transforming Anthropology (5)1:1-7.

          • LD Baker.
          • (2013).
          • Unraveling the Boasian Discourse: The Racial Politics of "Culture" in School Desegregation, 1944-1954..
          • Transforming Anthropology
          • ,
          • 7
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 15-32.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          1998 Unraveling the Boasian Discourse: The Racial Politics of "Culture" in School Desegregation, 1944-1954. Transforming Anthropology 7:(1)15-32.

          • LD Baker.
          • (2013).
          • Response to 'Philosophical Aspects of the "AAA Statement on 'Race' ".
          • Anthropological Theory
          • ,
          • 1
          • (4)
          • ,
          • 467-471.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          2001 Response to 'Philosophical Aspects of the "AAA Statement on 'Race' " Anthropological Theory Vol. 1(4)467- 471.

          • LD Baker.
          • (2013).
          • Racism in Professional Settings: Forms of Address as Clues to Power Relations.
          • Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences
          • ,
          • 31
          • (2)
          • ,
          • 186-201.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2013).
          • Research, Reform, and Racial Uplift: The Mission of the Hampton Folklore Society 1893-1899.
          • History of Anthropology
          • ,
          • 9
          • ,
          • 42-80.
          • University of Wisconsin Press.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (March, 2010).
          • The cult of Franz Boas and his "conspiracy" to destroy the white race..
          • Proc Am Philos Soc
          • ,
          • 154
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 8-18.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2004).
          • A model approach for studying race: Provocative theory, sound science, and very good history.
          • AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGIST
          • ,
          • 106
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 168-172.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2003).
          • Delimiting anthropology: Occasional inquiries and reflections..
          • JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH
          • ,
          • 59
          • (2)
          • ,
          • 252-253.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2000).
          • Daniel G. Brinton's success on the road to obscurity, 1890-99.
          • CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY
          • ,
          • 15
          • (3)
          • ,
          • 394-423.
          • [web]
          • L.D. Baker.
          • (1999).
          • Columbia University's Franz Boas: He Led the Undoing of Scientific Racism.
          • Journal of Blacks in Higher Education
          • ,
          • 22
          • (Winter)
          • ,
          • 89-96.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          1999 Columbia University's Franz Boas: He Led the Undoing of Scientific Racism Journal of Blacks in Higher Education. Vol. 22 (Winter):89-96.

          • LD Baker.
          • (1998).
          • Columbia University's Franz Boas: He led the undoing of scientific racism.
          • JOURNAL OF BLACKS IN HIGHER EDUCATION
          • ,
          • 89-96.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (1996).
          • Rethinking race: Franz Boas and his contemporaries - Williams,VJ.
          • AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY
          • ,
          • 102
          • (3)
          • ,
          • 909-910.
          • [web]
      • Articles & Book Chapters

          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • The Location of Franz Boas within the African-American Struggle [reprint].
          • In F Pöhl and B Tilg (Eds.),
          • Franz Boas: Kultur, Sprache, Rasse.
          • ,
          • (pp. 111-129).
          • Wien, LIT Verlag..
          Publication Description

          2009 The Location of Franz Boas within the African-American Struggle. In Franz Boas: Kultur, Sprache, Rasse. Friedrich Pöhl & Bernhard Tilg, eds. Pp. 111-129. Wege einer antirassistischen Anthropologie, Wien, LIT Verlag.

          • L Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Signing Off.
          • Transforming Anthropology
          • ,
          • 15
          • (2)
          • ,
          • 95-96.
          • [web]
      • Book Chapters

          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Racism in Professional Settings: Forms of Address as Clues to Power Relations.
          • In AK Spears (Eds.),
          • Race & Ideology: Language, Symbolism, and Popular Culture
          • (pp. 115-132).
          • Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Frederic Ward Putnam.
          • In R Darnell and FW Gleach (Eds.),
          • Celebrating a Century of the American Anthropological Assocaition: Presidential Portraits
          • (pp. 5-9).
          • Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Missionary Positions..
          • In KM Clarke and DA Thomas (Eds.),
          • Globalization and RaceTransformations in the Cultural Production of Blackness.
          • (pp. Pp. 37-54.).
          • Duke University Press.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Speaking of Anthropological Theory.
          • In PA Erickson and LD Murphy (Eds.),
          • A History of Anthropological Theory
          • .
          • Broadview Press..
          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Saggin’ and Braggin’.
          • In A Waterston and M Vesperi (Eds.),
          • Anthropology Off the Shelf: Anthropologists on Writing
          • .
          • Wiley-Blackwell.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          2009 Saggin’ and Braggin’ In Anthropology Off the Shelf: Anthropologists on Writing. Alisse Waterston & Maria Vesperi, eds. Pp. 46-59 London: Wiley-Blackwell

          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Afrocentricty and the American Dream.
          • In M Marable (Eds.),
          • Dispatches From the Ebony Tower: Intellectuals Confront the African American Experience
          • (pp. 224-35).
          • Columbia University Press.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • The Color Blind Bind.
          • In I Susser and TC Patterson (Eds.),
          • Cultural Diversity in the United States
          • (pp. 103-19).
          • Malden, MA: Blackwell Press.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2009).
          • Racism, risk, and the new color of dirty jobs.
          • In Hugh Gusterson and Catherine Besteman (Eds.),
          • The Insecure American: How We Got Here and What We Should Do about It
          • (pp. 140-159).
          • University of California Press.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          .

      • Mass Media

          • LD Baker.
          • (June 19, 2006).
          • Hate Crime, Plain and Simple.
          • Durham Herald Sun
          • ,
          • A6-A6.
          • [web]
          • L Baker.
          • (2014).
          • W.G. Pearson’s Uniforms about Distinction.
          • Durham Herald Sun
          • ,
          • Nov
          • (21)
          • ,
          • A22-A22.
          • [web]
          • (April 19, 2010).
          • Meet Lee Baker, The State of Things, WUNC National Public Radio.
          • .
          • L.D. Baker.
          • (2009).
          • Herskovits and the Heart of Blackness (Consultant).
          • California Newsreel.
          • L.D. Baker.
          • (July 29, 2006).
          • 2006 Defining Crime, The State of Things, WUNC National Public Radio July 29.
          • .
          • [web]
          • L.D. Baker.
          • (June 15, 2006).
          • 2006 Black Faculty at Duke, The State of Things, WUNC National Public Radio June 15.
          • .
          • [web]
          • L.D. Baker.
          • (April 13, 2005).
          • The Real Massacre ain't 50s.
          • Pop and Politics
          • .
          • [web]
      • Book Reviews

          • LD Baker.
          • (Fall 1991/Spring 1992).
          • Doing the Right Thing in Anthropology.
          • Teaching Anthropology
          • ,
          • 92
          • ,
          • 14-14.
          • LD Baker.
          • (1993).
          • Ota Benga, Story of A Tragic Travesty.
          • Teaching Anthropology
          • ,
          • 5
          • ,
          • 21-22.
          • LD Baker.
          • (1994).
          • From Cannibal to Animal: Exhibiting Ota Benga.
          • Transforming Anthropology
          • ,
          • 5
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 36-36.
          • LD Baker.
          • (1995).
          • For Whom the Bell Curve Tolls: Poverty & Power.
          • Voice of Black Studies
          • ,
          • 19
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 5-6.
          • LD Baker.
          • (1995).
          • For Whom the Bell Curve Tolls: Power, Money, and Multiculturalism.
          • Identities
          • ,
          • 1
          • (4)
          • ,
          • 443-445.
          • LD Baker.
          • (September 29, 1995).
          • America’s Intractable ’Race Problem’.
          • Chronicle of Higher Education
          • .
          • LD Baker.
          • (September, 1995).
          • Race and the American Agenda, part 1. The Anthropology of The Affirmative Action Debate.
          • Anthropology Newsletter
          • ,
          • 16
          • .
          • LD Baker.
          • (January, 1996).
          • Race and the American Agenda, part II. Clarence Thomas’ Re-invention of Anthropology.
          • Anthropology Newsletter
          • ,
          • 18-19.
          • LD Baker.
          • (February, 1996).
          • Reflections in the National Mirror.
          • Anthropology Newsletter
          • ,
          • 1
          • ,
          • 6-6.
          • LD Baker.
          • (1998).
          • Over a Cliff or into a Brick Wall: Political and Policy Implications of Racial Categories.
          • Anthropology Newsletter
          • ,
          • 39
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 16-17.
          • LD Baker.
          • (1998).
          • New Directions in the History of United States Anthropology.
          • Transforming Anthropology
          • ,
          • 7
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 71-74.
          • LD Baker.
          • (April, 1999).
          • Commitment to Scientific Truth.
          • Anthropology Newsletter
          • ,
          • 40
          • (4)
          • ,
          • 2-2.
          • LD Baker.
          • (2001).
          • Uncommon Ground: From Pastures to Protest.
          • UPDATE: The Newsletter of the African Burial Ground Project
          • ,
          • 3
          • (5)
          • ,
          • 4-5.
          • LD Baker.
          • (Fall, 2004).
          • Review of Racism: A Short History by George M. Fredrickson.
          • New West Indian Guide
          • ,
          • 78
          • (1&2)
          • ,
          • 125-126.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Review of Rethinking Race: Franz Boaz and His Contemporaries, by Vernon J. Williams, Jr..
          • American Journal of Sociology
          • ,
          • 102
          • (3)
          • ,
          • 909-910.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          1996 Review of Rethinking Race: Franz Boaz and His Contemporaries, by Vernon J. Williams, Jr. American Journal of Sociology 102(3):909-910.

          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Review of The Roots of African American Identity: Memory and History in Free Antebellum Communities, by Elizabeth Rauh Bethel.
          • Social Forces
          • ,
          • 78
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 372-374.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          1999 Review of The Roots of African American Identity: Memory and History in Free Antebellum Communities, by Elizabeth Rauh Bethel. Social Forces 78(1)372-374.

          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Review of African-American Pioneers in Anthropology, edited Faye V. Harrison and Ira E. Harrison.
          • American Anthropologist
          • ,
          • 102
          • (2)
          • ,
          • 368-370.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          2000 Review of African-American Pioneers in Anthropology, edited Faye V. Harrison and Ira E. Harrison. American Anthropologist 102(2):368-370.

          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Review of Delimiting Anthropology: Occasional Inquiries and Reflections. George W. Stocking, Jr..
          • Journal of Anthropological Research
          • ,
          • 59
          • ,
          • 252-253.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          2003 Review of Delimiting Anthropology: Occasional Inquiries and Reflections. George W. Stocking, Jr. Journal of Anthropological Research 59:252-253.

          • L.D. Baker.
          • (2008).
          • Review of The Social Sciences and Theories of Race by Vernon J. Williams, Jr..
          • Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
          • ,
          • 14
          • (1)
          • ,
          • 234-235.
          • [web]
          • LD Baker.
          • (2005).
          • Melville J. Herskovits and the racial politics of knowledge..
          • AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGIST
          • ,
          • 107
          • (3)
          • ,
          • 524-525.
          • [web]
      • Other

          • LD Baker.
          • (2015).
          • Parental involvement on display at W.G. Pearson.
          • Durham Herald Sun
          • .
          • LD Baker.
          • (October 18, 1992).
          • Race and Class.
          • New York Times
          • .
          • LD Phillips and LD Baker.
          • (February 12, 1994).
          • Roots of Reform.
          • The Atlanta Journal
          • .
          • (A19)
          • LD Baker.
          • (December 7, 1996).
          • It Helps to Understand the Pressures on Marshall.
          • The Raleigh News and Observer
          • .
          • (A25)
          • LD Baker.
          • (April 19, 2002).
          • Why Students Get A’s.
          • New York Times
          • .
          • (Section A; Page 26; Column 6)
          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Mad or Meditative in Maricopa.
          • Transforming Anthropology
          • ,
          • 14
          • (2)
          • ,
          • 129-132.
          • American Anthropological Association.
          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Signing Off.
          • Transforming Anthropology
          • ,
          • 15
          • (2)
          • ,
          • 95-96.
          • LD Baker.
          • (2014).
          • Affirmative Action and Anthropological Research.
          • Anthropology News
          • ,
          • 44
          • (7)
          • ,
          • 5-5.
          • [web]
          Publication Description

          2003 Affirmative Action and Anthropological Research. Anthropology News (October) 44(7):8.

          • L.D. Baker.
          • (2007).
          • Transforming Anthropology.
          • ,
          • 15
          • (2)
          • .
          • L. Baker.
          • (April, 2007).
          • Transforming Anthropology.
          • ,
          • 15
          • (1)
          • .
          • L.D. Baker.
          • (October, 2006).
          • Transforming Anthropology.
          • ,
          • 14
          • (2)
          • .
          • L.D. Baker.
          • (April, 2006).
          • Transforming Anthropology.
          • ,
          • 14
          • (1)
          • .
          • L.D. Baker.
          • (October, 2005).
          • Transforming Anthroplogy.
          • ,
          • 13
          • (2)
          • .
          • L.D. Baker.
          • (April, 2005).
          • Transforming Anthroplogy.
          • ,
          • 13
          • (1)
          • .
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