• Publications of Irene M. Silverblatt

      • Books

          • Irene Silverblatt and Helene Silverblatt editors and introduction, translated by Jerry Glenn and Florian Birkmayer with Helene Silverblatt and Irene Silverblatt.
          • (October, 2008).
          • Harvest of Blossoms: Poems from a Life Cut Short.
          • [web]
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (December, 2004).
          • Modern Inquisitions: Peru and the Colonial Origins of the Civilized World.
          • Duke University Press.
          Publication Description

          Modern Inquisitions explores the cultural work of colonialism in the seventeenth century Peruvian Andes and attempts to address some of the complex, cultural practices that accompanied the institutionalization of state power in Europe and the colonial New World. A primary source of my investigation has been records from the Lima headquarters of the Spanish Inquisition. These documents show us the Inquisition's modern side: it was Europe's most advanced bureaucracy at the time and it helped instantiate the racialized categories of colonial rule that girded modern state-making.

          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2001).
          • Moon, Sun, and Witches.
          • Iwanami Shoten.
          • (Japanese Translation)
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (1990).
          • Spanish translation of Moon, Sun, and Witches.
          • Centro-Las Casas, Lima (Peru).
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (1987).
          • Moon, Sun, and Witches: Gender Ideologies and Class in Inca and Colonial Peru.
          • Princeton University Press.
          Publication Description

          http://pup.princeton.edu/titles/2624.html

      • Published Articles

          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (Winter, 2012).
          • Confronting Nationalisms, Cosmopolitan Visions, and the Politics of Memory: Aesthetics of Reconciliation and Selma Meerbaum-Eisinger in Western Ukraine.
          • Dissidences
          • .
          • (Special volume on Reconciliation)
          Publication Description

          Selma Meerbaum-Eisinger, an eighteen year old, German-speaking poet, died in an SS labor camp in 1942. She left behind a hand-written album of 57 poems that miraculously survived the War. Selma was from Czernowitz (at the time, Cernauti, Romania and today Chernivtsi, Ukraine), a city famous for its poets, like cousin Paul Celan, as well as for its “multicultural” ethos. Although Selma’s poetry had its first commercial publication in Hamburg thirty years ago, over the last seven years her poems have captured the imaginations of German and Austrian playwrights, professors, students, and musicians; now Ukrainian teachers, students, artists and city officials are discovering her poetry as well. This paper explores the resurging interest in Selma Meerbaum’s life and poetry as part of a project of potential reconciliation with the past -- and for the future. It focuses on memory-work, the social practices and social relations that make the past into a vital part of the present. It connects broad debates over how to – or whether to –publicly represent, atone for, or bury one of the modern world’s most horrifying episodes with current frictions over nationhood, moral obligations, and political vision. The goal is to explore how Chernvitsi residents, living in a city marked by communities with shared and diverse histories -- and diverse histories of facing the past – are creating milieus of meaning, and potential meanings, for Selma’s life and art. Selma presentations and performances are part of an aesthetic negotiation of public memory and embody the discord of unresolved pasts and an unsettled present.

          Note: Article published after 2012 Annual Review was submitted

          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2012).
          • "Heresies and Colonial Geo-Politics.
          • Romanic Review
          • ,
          • 101
          • (3-4)
          • .
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2011).
          • Chasteté et pureté des liens sociaux dans le Pérou du XVIIe siècle.
          • Cahiers du Genre
          • Maria Eleonora Sanna and Eleni Varikas (Eds.),
          • ,
          • Genre, modernite et colonialite du pouvoir
          • ,
          • 50
          • ,
          • 17-40.
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2011).
          • Colonial Peru and the Inquisition: Race-thinking, Torture, and the Making of the Modern World.
          • Transforming Anthropology
          • ,
          • 19
          • (2)
          • .
          Publication Description

          The Spanish Inquisition in colonial Peru: Bureaucracy, Race-Thinking, and the Making of the Modern World Trying to understand how “civilized” people could embrace fascism, Hannah Arendt searched for a precedent in Western history. She found it in 19th century colonialism, with its mix of bureaucratic rule, “race-thinking,” and appeals to violent, “civilized” rationality. This article takes Arendt's insights about the barbaric underside of Western society and moves them back to the 17th century, when Spanish colonialism dominated the globe. From the 16th century through the mid-17th century, Spain was in the vanguard of Europe, putting in place cutting-edge bureaucracies, like the Inquisition, to administer and control colonial populations. The Inquisition was the premier bureaucracy to evaluate and install race-thinking designs and ideologies of “civilizing” that camouflaged the horrors of modern experience—including the use of torture.

          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2000).
          • "New Christians and New World Fears in Seventeenth Century Peru".
          • Comparative Studies in Society and History
          • ,
          • 524-546.
          Publication Description

          The Inquisition articulated cultural blame, and this esssay looks at the relationship between cultural blaming and disputes over who could legitimately claim to be Spanish. The fate of New Christians (women and men, converts to Christianity, of Jewish or Moslem descent) gives purchase on this issue, clarifying the debates over what "Spanishness" entailed. New Christians were suspect, formally discriminated agaisnt, and denied access to religious and secular offices. Most of Peru's Inqisitors, skeptical about New Christian's comitment to Christianity, believed they were seditious Jews at heart. In its practice the tribuanl equated Old Christian with true Spanishness, demonstrating and reenforcing a racialized view of what "Spaniard" was all about.

          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (1997).
          • "Honor, Sex, and Civilizing in the Making of Seventeenth Century Peru".
          • Journal of the Steward Anthropological Society
          • ,
          • 25
          • (1&2)
          • ,
          • 181-198.
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (1995).
          • "Lessons of Gender and Ethnohistory in Mesoamerica".
          • Ethnohistory
          • ,
          • 42
          • ,
          • 639-650.
      • Book Chapters

          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2013).
          • Prologo.
          • No Se Puede Descolonizar Sin Despatriarcalizar: Teoria y Propuesta de la Despatriarcalizacion, by Maria Galindo
          • .
          • La Paz, Bolivia:
          • Mujeres Creando.
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (in press).
          • Haunting the Modern Andean State: Colonial Legacies of Race and Civilization.
          • In Christopher Krupa and David Nugent (Eds.),
          • Off-Centered States: State Formation and Deformation in the Andes
          • .
          • University of Pennsylvania Press.
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2009).
          • “Forward”, Imperial Subjects: Race and Identity in Colonial Latin America.
          • In M. O'Hara and A. Fisher (Eds.),
          • Imperial Subjects: Race and Identity in Colonial Latin America
          • .
          • Duke University Press.
          Publication Description

          I was invited to write a "forward" to these collected essays

          • I. Silverblatt.
          • (2008).
          • Native Andeans Observe Spanish Colonials.
          • In Clement Hawes and KumKum Chaterjee (Eds.),
          • Europe Observed
          • .
          • Bucknell University Press.
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2008).
          • "The Black Legend and Global Conspiracies: The Spanish Inquisition, Race-Thinking and the Emerging Modern World:.
          • In Margaret Greer and Walter Mignolo (Eds.),
          • Rereading the Black Legend
          • .
          • University of Chicago Press.
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2007).
          • "Modern Inquisitions".
          • In Ann Stoler and Carole McGranahan (Eds.),
          • Empires: Thinking Colonial Studies Beyond Europe
          • (pp. 295-331).
          • School of American Research.
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2006).
          • "Religion and Race in the Emerging Modern World: Indians, Incas, and Conspiracy Stories in Colonial Peru".
          • In Bruce Morrill, Joanna Ziegler, and Susan Rodgers (Eds.),
          • Practicing Catholic: Ritual, Body, and Contestation in Catholic Faith
          • .
          • Palgrave/MacMillan.
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2004).
          • Political Disenfranchisement.
          • In Ana del Sarto, Alicia Rios, Abril Trigo (Eds.),
          • Latin American Cultural Studies Reader
          • .
          • Duke University Press.
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2002).
          • "New World Christians and New World Fears in Colonial Peru".
          • In Brian Keith Axel (Eds.),
          • From the Margins: Historical Anthropology and its Futures
          • .
          • Duke University Press.
          • (Reprint of "New World Christians...." published in Comparative Studies in Society and History, 2000)
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2001).
          • "Power and Memory in Latin America: The Uses of the Pre-Columbian Past".
          • In Neil Asher Silberman and Ernest S. Frerichs (Eds.),
          • Archaeology and Society in the 21st Century: The Dead Sea Scrolls and Other Case Studies
          • (pp. 21-32).
          • Jerusalem: The Dorot Foundation.
          Publication Description

          This essay, published in the proceedings of an international conference on archaeology and memory in light of the publication of the Dead Sea Scrolls, explores how conceptions of the pre-Columbian past have been used to support political agendas. It includes a critique of von Daniken’s theory of the extraterrestrial origins of pre- Columbian sites, Mexican revolutionary ideology, and Indianist movements in Peru.

          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2001).
          • "Definiciones de la Modernidad y Inquisiciones Modernas".
          • In Santiago Gomez (Eds.),
          • Reestructuracion de las Ciencias Sociales en los Paises Andinos
          • .
          • Bogota: Instituto Pensar.
          Publication Description

          This essay explores the way in which “modernity” has been defined in the English speaking world and asks how that definition has excluded the participation of Spain and the Spanish colonies. I trace this process back to the 16th century and the propoganda wars (the Black Legend) of England against its principal rival, Spain. Currently, while academics in the Latin America trace the beginning of “modernity” to Spanish colonialism, counterparts in the United States and England have tended to look at the nineteenth century -- when British colonialism achieved dominance.

          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2000).
          • "The Inca's Witches: Gender and the Cultural Work of Colonization in Seventeenth Century Peru".
          • In Robert St. George (Eds.),
          • Possible Pasts: Becoming Colonial in Early America
          • (pp. 109-130).
          • Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
          Publication Description

          Inquisitors considered "witches" to be a colonial plague. This essay explores the history of the charges made agsinst these women and, in the process, uncovers patterns linking discourses of gender and race to political ideologies. Accused witches, nearly always women, came from all of the colony's racial clases except "indio". Some were Spanish, others mestizos, mulattas, and blacks. Nevertheless, bu the early seventeenth century they were condemed for sorcery that depended on Ineian prayers, herbs, language and sacred ohjects. By the middle of the seventeenth century, non-Indian witches were charged with practicing an Inca-centered form of sorcery. The essay argues that this presumed, unholy alliance was also a political charge, steeped in discourses not usually used in the West -- a nascent, gendered expression of creole belief.

          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (1998).
          • "Family Values in Seventeenth Century Peru".
          • In Elizabeth Boone and Tom Cummins (Eds.),
          • Native Traditions in the Postconquest World
          • (pp. 63-89).
          • Washington, D.C.: Dumberton Oaks Research Library and Collection.
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (1995).
          • "Becoming Indian in the Central Andes of Seventeenth Century Peru".
          • In Gyan Prakash (Eds.),
          • Imperial Aftermaths and Postcolonial Displacements
          • (pp. 279-298).
          • Princeton: Princeton University Press.
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (1994).
          • "Andean Witches and Virgins: Seventeenth Century Nativism and Subversive Gender Ideologies".
          • In M. Hendricks and P. Parker (Eds.),
          • Women, Race and Writing in the Early Modern Period
          • (pp. 259-271).
          • London: Routledge.
      • Book Reviews

          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2012).
          • Into the Archive: Writing and Power in Colonial Peru, by Kathryn Burns.
          • Journal of Social History
          • .
      • Papers Accepted

          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2011).
          • Women, Religion, and the Incas.
          • Annual of the Science of Religion (Peru)
          • .
      • Papers Submitted

          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (in press).
          • "Inca Women".
          • In Gary Urton and Adriana von Hagen (Eds.),
          • Encyclopedia of the Incas
          • Altamira Press.
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (in press).
          • Aclla.
          • In Gary Urton and Adriana von Hagen (Eds.),
          • Encyclopedia of the Incas
          • Altamira Press.
          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (September, 2010).
          • "Haunting the Modern Andean State: Colonial Legacies of Race and Civilization”.
          • Estados Decentrados: Formacion y deformacion politica en los andes
          • .
          Publication Description

          Contemporary Andean polities are haunted by colonial legacies. Looking at state-making from the off-centered view-point of emerging colonial institutions helps make sense of the trajectory of horrors and irrationalities – as well as idioms of political legitimacy and justice – that have profoundly marked modern Andean life. European state-making was chained to imperial endeavors and Spanish political ideologies, like those of Spain’s early modern competitors, reflect modernity’s beginnings in this dialectic of state-making and colonialism. My essay explores how colonial apparatuses of statecraft, washed in the dictates of imperial control, made race-thinking – and the imperatives of “civilization” -- part of the body politic. And, while this essay can be suggestive at best, I hope it pushes us to ask why -- and how -- these beginnings have not been central to our perceptions of modern experience or modern states

      • Other

          • I.M. Silverblatt.
          • (2012).
          • Threads Speak.
          • .
          Publication Description

          Critical commentary for traveling art exhibition on the production and consumption of textiles, curated by Ines Doujak. Exhibited in 1)"Unauthorized", InterArts Center, Malmo (Sweden) and in 2)"Reflecting Fashion", Museum of Modern Art, Vienna (Austria) Projected exhibitions in La Darcena, Buenos Aires (Argentina), and in Changdong Studios, Seoul (South Korea)

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